IPR is an abbreviation for the term intellectual property rights. Intellectual property rights are intangible rights that belong to the creator/originator of an idea. They include copyright, patent rights, rights in a trademark, utility model rights, design copyright, rights to a commercial name, protection of integrated circuits and layout designs (topographies), and plant variety rights.
More information on the application of research results and IPR issues is found in the Academy of Finland IPR Handbook.
Researchers in Academy-funded research projects and Academy research post holders come under either the Act on the Right in Employee Inventions or the Act on the right to university inventions, depending on their site of research. The latter is applied to researchers working at universities, while the former is applied to researchers working at research institutes and business companies.
Both Acts stipulate that inventors are obliged to submit a notification of invention, when they have made a patentable invention. In case the site of research assumes the right to the invention, the inventor is entitled to reasonable compensation.
The Academy Board has on 14 November 2006 decided that, as of the January 2007 call, inventions made within Academy-funded research projects are seen as having been made in commissioned research. The Academy's decision does not apply to projects that have received their funding from earlier calls. Inventions made in such projects have primarily been made in free research. More information on free and commercial research specified in the Act on the right to university inventions is available in the Academy of Finland IPR Handbook.